Industry Across Canada
Canada’s oil and natural gas industry is active in 12 of 13 provinces and territories. Using goods and services from many regions, Canada’s exploration and production of oil and natural gas is truly a national industry.
A National Industry
Explore the diversity of Canada’s oil and natural gas resources across the country. Hover/click on each province and on the resources icons to learn more.
Using goods and services from many regions, Canada's exploration and production of oil and natural gas is truly a national industry, contributing billions to the country's GDP and creating thousands of jobs each year. Explore the diversity of Canada's industry by selecting an icon from any province or territory on the map above.
British Columbia is Canada’s second largest natural gas producer, home to the Horn River and Montney natural gas basins. Oil reserves in British Columbia are located in the northeast area of the province.
- $555 million – payments industry made in royalties and crown land sales for the use of British Columbia’s oil and gas resources in fiscal 2018/19
- $3.9 billion – in industry spending on exploration and development in 2018
- 16,000 – barrels per day of crude oil produced in 2019.
- 5.5 billion – cubic feet per day of natural gas produced in 2019.
- An estimated 532 trillion cubic feet of ultimate marketable natural gas resources, enough to last 300-plus years at current demand levels.
Alberta is Canada’s largest oil and natural gas producer and is home to vast deposits of both resources. Alberta’s oil sands are located in the northern area of the province, while natural gas is found throughout.
- 11% – total government revenue from Alberta’s oil and gas resources in fiscal 2018/19.
- $11.7 billion – in capital spending in the oil sands in 2018.
- $70 billion – in payments to the provincial government over the last 10 years.
- 168 billion barrels of oil available, of which 162.5 billion barrels is oil sands.
- 487,000 – barrels per day of conventional oil produced in 2019.
- 2.95 million – barrels per day produced from the oil sands in 2019.
- 223 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of natural gas, of which 176 tcf has been produced.
- 10.1 billion cubic feet (bcf) per day was produced in 2019.
- 10,000 direct or indirect jobs supported by natural gas industry.
Saskatchewan is the #2 producer of oil in Canada after Alberta, and is also a major producer of natural gas.
- $750 million – in payments industry made for the use of Saskatchewan’s oil and natural gas resources in fiscal 2018/19.
- $4.5 billion – in industry spending on exploration and development in 2018.
- 487,000 – barrels per day in oil production in 2019.
- 155 million – barrels of remaining crude oil reserves at 2018.
- 1.3 Tcf – remaining marketable natural gas reserves at 2019.
With the development of the Sinclair field in the province’s southwest, Manitoba has increased its crude oil production almost 4 times since 2000, now producing more than 40,000 barrels per day. There is no natural gas production in Manitoba.
- $0.45 billion – in industry spending on exploration and development in 2018.
- 44 thousand – barrels per day oil production in 2019.
Although Ontario is not a significant producer of petroleum, the province has just over 2,300 producing oil and gas wells. Ontario’s manufacturing sector is an important supplier for Canada’s oil and natural gas industry.
- $1.9 billion – amount spent by oil sands sector on goods and services in Ontario in 2016-17.
- 1,100 – estimated number of companies from across Ontario that directly supply Canada’s oil sands with goods and services.
Oil and Natural Gas
- 2,327 – number of producing oil and natural gas wells in Ontario in 2018.
- 394,700 – number of barrels per day Ontario’s refineries are capable of producing, accounting for 20% of Canadian refining capacity.
Québec has an abundance of natural gas to meet its own needs, most of it concentrated along the southern flank of the St. Lawrence River in the province’s portion of the Utica shale formation. It is also capable of refining Canada’s oil.
- 200 – estimated number of companies in Québec that directly supply the oil sands industry with goods and services.
- 402,000 barrels per day – Québec’s refining capacity.
- 100 years – how long Quebec could supply itself with its own natural gas.
Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador have four producing projects offshore oil projects and significant exploration activity.
- $2.7 billion – in industry spending on exploration and development in 2018.
- $22 billion – estimated royalty payments to the province from offshore oil production between 2000-2018.
- $1 billion – estimated royalties to the province from offshore oil production in 2018/19
- 262,000 – barrels per day of oil produced in 2019.
New Brunswick is home to the Frederick Brook Shale, which roughly stretches across the southeastern part of the province and is part of the Maritimes Basin.
- 4.5 million – cubic feet/day in natural gas production in 2019.
- 32 – the total number of natural gas wells producing.
- 302 – the total number of wells drilled in the province.
Nova Scotia’s first offshore well was drilled in 1967, with the first offshore discovery was at Sable Island in 1971. To date, about 127 exploration wells have been drilled offshore Nova Scotia, yielding 23 significant discoveries.
Nova Scotia currently has no producing natural gas projects.
- $8.5 billion – in capital spending by the industry over the past 20 years.
- $1.9 billion – estimated royalty payments to the province from offshore production between 2000 – 2017.
- 8 billion – barrels of oil in resource potential.
- 120 trillion – cubic feet of natural gas in offshore resource potential.
Prince Edward Island
PEI’s oil and natural gas industry is still in its infancy. More than one million acres of land are under active exploration for oil and natural resources. There have been no exploration wells drilled in PEI since 2003.
The Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon have large, untapped resources of crude oil and natural gas. The oil and natural gas industry has acquired offshore oil and gas interests and there are some active exploration programs in the Northwest Territories and Yukon.
- 7,500 – barrels of conventional oil produced per day in the Territories in 2019.
- 4.7 million – cubic feet per day of natural gas production in 2019.