Hydraulic fracturing is a technology to recover shale or tight oil or natural gas trapped in non-porous or “tight” rock formation, a technique known as “unconventional” recovery.
Oil Sands Tailings
Tailings are a mixture of water, sand, clay and residual bitumen, and are the by-product of the hot water treatment process used to separate oil from sand and clay in oil sands mining operations.
Water Use, Quality and Monitoring
Water is not only a resource, it is essential to life. We all share the responsibility to ensure a healthy, secure and sustainable water supply for our communities, environment, and economy – our quality of life depends on it.
Protecting Fresh Water
Regulations are in place to ensure a well is properly engineered to maintain safety and integrity over its full life cycle. Industry uses several tools to assure the quality, and proactively monitor the status, of the steel casing and cement for early detection of degradation
When caused by humans, seismic activity (also called earthquake activity) is known as induced seismicity. Induced seismicity is associated with industrial processes including geothermal energy extraction, mining, dam building, construction, and hydraulic fracturing.
With a diverse wildlife population throughout Canada's oil and natural gas producing areas - including offshore - protecting species and habitats is an important consideration in project planning.
Regulations ensure disturbed land is returned to an acceptable state once operations have reached the end of their productive life. Returning disturbed land to a useable state with self-sustaining native vegetation is called land reclamation.
Life Cycle of a Well
Every company that explores for and develops Canada’s oil and natural gas resources is financially responsible for safely managing wells and associated facilities. This includes all stages of a well’s life cycle: exploration, development and operation, abandonment and reclamation.