Canadian Economic Contribution

As the fifth-largest producer of natural gas and the fifth-largest producer of oil in the world, Canada has the opportunity to provide responsibly produced oil and natural gas to meet demand while driving job creation and economic growth here at home.

Oil Sands and Canada’s Economy

Canadian oil and natural gas provided $105 billion to Canada’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2020, supported more than 500,000 jobs across the country in 2019 and provided $10 billion in average annual revenue to governments for the period 2017 to 2019. This revenue helps pay for roads, school and hospitals.

Over the next six years, the oil sands industry is expected to pay an estimated $8 billion in provincial and federal taxes (Economic Recovery Pathways For Canada’s Energy Industry 2020-2025, CERI).

Almost every region in Canada has benefitted from oil sands development through job creation and economic activity.

Oil Sands Supply Chain

A strong oil sands sector drives a strong national economy by attracting capital, creating jobs and supporting public services. Canada’s oil sands create prosperity across the entire country – not just in Alberta. Local companies in every province supply goods and services to the oil sands—creating jobs, growth and economic opportunity in local communities.

In 2019, the oil sand industry invested more than $4 billion into the Canadian economy in the form of supplies and services across all provinces (excluding Alberta).

CAPP has been conducting a bi-annual survey of oil sands and service companies across Canada since 2012 to determine the value of the oil sands supply chain. The data is not a complete and exhaustive list of suppliers in a particular region, but serves to highlight existing examples of the commerce and trade relationships between oil sands producers and companies across Canada.

Natural Gas and Canada’s Economy

The upstream natural gas industry contributes to Canada’s overall economic health through jobs, and taxes and royalties paid to provincial and federal governments. For the period 2019 to 2029, total Canadian GDP impact from the natural gas industry is estimated to be $250 billion.

The industry contributes to Canada’s overall economic health through jobs and taxes and royalties paid to the provincial and federal governments. This revenue can be used to help pay for health care, education, infrastructure and other social programs. The following benefits will be realized if we are able to build a liquefied natural gas (LNG) industry to ship Canadian natural gas to Asian markets:

Key Facts:

  • It is forecast that the natural gas industry will generate $250 billion in economic impact over the next 10 years.
  • Taxes paid to the federal and provincial governments from the upstream natural gas industry will total almost $11 billion over the next 10 years. (Source: CERI)

The Future of Natural Gas

While the natural gas market has been challenged by a number of factors including growing US production and a lack of pipeline infrastructure in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin (WCSB), Canada’s natural gas industry does have a bright future if we are able to build a liquefied natural gas (LNG) industry to ship Canadian natural gas to Asian markets. Based on 2018 CAPP data, the economic impacts of supporting a Canadian LNG industry are significant and estimates include:

  • Generation of $2.4 billion towards Canada’s GDP in direct or indirect activity
  • Employment growth on a national level increases by 10,000 direct or indirect jobs
  • Annual government revenues (corporate, personal, indirect taxes and royalties) for the provincial and federal governments

Atlantic Canada’s Offshore and the Economy

Atlantic Canada’s offshore oil and gas industry also provides many benefits to the country’s economy:

  • It employs approximately 6,000 people directly, and thousands more indirectly.
  • It supports more than 600 supply/service companies.
  • The cumulative expenditures by the producing sector in Atlantic Canada from 1999 to 2019 total almost $98 billion.
  • The cumulative royalties paid to the Governments of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador from 1999 to 2019 total more than $25 billion.
  • More than $506 million has been spent on research and development, and education and training.

Canada's Deficit Busting Secret Weapon

Few industries have the capacity to drive economic growth and employment the way Canada’s oil and natural gas industry can. In 2019, the industry already supported more than 500,000 direct and indirect jobs. With the right government policies in place, the industry could create 120,000 new jobs and increase government revenues that could be used to reduce Canada’s deficit, which ballooned in 2020 due to the pandemic. A robust oil and natural gas industry would create jobs, investments and revenues Canada desperately needs.